Played worldwide, European roulette can easily be distinguished as one of the most popular casino games in history. The game’s immense popularity can be attributed to its dynamics and the great number of betting options. Many players favour the European roulette tables because this particular variation of the game has a lower house edge, especially when compared to its American counterpart.
The rules of play and the betting process in European roulette are quite straightforward. Yet, if players wish to leave the roulette table on profit, it is essential for them to understand well the types of bets that can be placed, as well as their respective payouts. This knowledge will enable them to make informed decisions when placing their bets and to implement a suitable betting strategy. Below, you will find more detailed information on the table layout in European roulette, its house edge, the types of bets in the game, and their payouts.
The European Roulette Table Layout
European roulette is played predominantly in landbased gambling venues throughout Europe but due to the game’s immense popularity, all well-known online casino operators have added it to their gaming portfolios, alongside the American variation.
What’s the difference between the two? The rules and the betting options in the two variants are roughly the same with a few small exceptions. The main difference between American and European roulette lies in the number of pockets on the wheel and on the betting layout, respectively.
Unlike American roulette, where there are two zero pockets on the wheel, in European roulette, the wheels have only 37 pockets. There is one zero pocket, coloured in green. The remaining pockets are marked with numbers 1 through 36. It is important to remember that the sequence of numbers on European roulette wheels differs greatly from that on American wheels. Also, the numbers in the pockets face the inner part of the wheel which is not the case in American roulette.
The numbers are aligned in a seemingly random order. There are 18 red pockets and 18 black pockets. Red and black pockets on the wheel always alternate. Each pair of odd numbers is followed by a pair of even numbers. The numbers can also be divided into high and low. Numbers 1 through 18 are “low”, while numbers 19 through 36 are referred to as “high”.
If you look closely, you will notice that the numbers on the wheel are arranged according to a specific pattern. On the right side of the zero pocket, you will find nine black numbers and nine red ones – 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, and 17, and 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 30, 32, 34, and 36, respectively. The black numbers on this side are low while the red numbers are high.
On the left side of the zero pocket, the way in which the numbers are arranged is just the opposite. There are nine high numbers in black pockets and nine low numbers in red pockets – 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 29, 31, 33 and 35, and 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 14, 16 and 18, respectively.
The wheel always spins counterclockwise while the ball is thrown in such a way so that it spins in the opposite direction or clockwise.
The layout is the area on the roulette table where the bets are placed. It is typically covered with green cloth. The layouts on American and European roulette tables are largely the same except that the layout in European roulette has only one zero betting box.
The table layout can be divided into two sections which correspond to the two major types of bets that can be placed. Inside bets are placed in the inner section of the layout, where the 37 numbers on the wheel are represented in separate betting boxes. The outside section is where outside bets are placed – it consists of specific areas corresponding to Odd/Even, Red/Black, High/Low, Dozen and Column bets.
House Advantage in European Roulette
Many roulette fans favour the European variation of the game because it offers them better odds. In American roulette, the house edge is higher and stands at 5.26% which can be explained with the introduction of the double-zero pocket.
However, there is only one zero pocket on the European roulette wheel and it lowers the built-in house advantage significantly to 2.70%. If the La Partage rule applies at the table, half of the players’ even-money bets will be returned if zero comes up. This further reduces the house edge to 1.35%, but the La Partage rule is valid predominantly at French roulette tables and is implemented in European roulette only on rare occasions.
The En Prison is one more special rule that also cuts the edge of the house in half as when the white ball lands in the zero pocket, players will need to part only with half of the amount they have staked. Something important to note is that both of these rules only apply to even-money wagers.
Interestingly enough, when these rules are applied, aside from baccarat, roulette will have the lowest house advantage in comparison with the rest of the casino games.
Yet, it is important to mention that the house advantage in roulette remains the same despite the fact that the payouts for different types of bets vary.
|European Roulette House Edge and Payout|
|Bet Type||Bet Payout||Bet Probability||House Edge|
|Square or Corner||8/1||10.81%||2.70%|
|Red / Black||1/1||48.64%||2.70%|
|Odd / Even||1/1||48.64%||2.70%|
|High / Low||1/1||48.64%||2.70%|
Types of Bets
Many players are attracted to European roulette because it offers them an extensive range of betting options. Most generally, the types of wagers one can make in the game can be subdivided into two major categories – outside and inside bets. Each of the two categories encompasses several subtypes.
Odds and Probabilities
Low Limits Roulette
High Stakes Roulette
Inexperienced roulette players are recommended to start by placing outside bets because the latter have better odds of winning. Their payouts, however, are smaller. Outside bets are easier to understand as they are made of combinations of numbers and not on specific numbers. In European roulette, all outside bets typically lose when the zero is spun.
Red/Black bets are among the most popular subtypes of outside bets. Here, the player is betting that the next number to come up will be of their chosen colour. Winning Red/Black bets pay out 1 to 1.
Another popular subtype of outside wagers is the Odd/Even bet where the player is betting that the ball will land on the number of their chosen type – odd or even. As the chances of winning and losing with this type of bet are almost equal, its payout is again 1 to 1.
The High/Low bet is also suitable for those who wish to play it safe. In this case, players are betting that the next number to be spun will be either low (1 through 18) or high (19 through 36). Again, we have almost equal chances of winning with this bet, so it pays out even money or 1 to 1.
The Column bet is a bet that the next number to come up will be in the player’s chosen column on the layout. An example would be a bet on numbers 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31 and 34 in the first column. If you win with this bet, your payout will be 2 to 1.
Finally, we have the Dozen bet which also encompasses twelve numbers. The 36 numbers on the table can be divided into three dozens – the first dozen consists of numbers 1 through 12, the second dozen encompasses numbers 13 through 24, and the third dozen covers numbers 25 through 36. Winning Dozen bets also pay out 2 to 1.
Inside bets are much riskier as their odds of winning are smaller. Nevertheless, making inside bets can sometimes be lucrative as their payouts are much higher compared to those of winning outside bets. Inside bets can be made on specific numbers or combinations of numbers, and are placed within the betting grid with the 36 numbered boxes.
The Straight Up bet is undoubtedly the simplest type of bet in the game as it covers only one particular number. As your chances of winning with a Straight Up bet are smaller, it has a bigger payout of 35 to 1.
The Split bet covers two adjacent numbers on the layout – an example would be betting on numbers 8 and 9. The chips are placed on the line separating the two numbers. Winning Split bets have a payout of 17 to 1.
The Street bet, on the other hand, covers a row consisting of three numbers, for example, numbers 10, 11 and 12. The chips are placed on the line at the end of the row. Winning Street bets pay out 11 to 1. Street bets are not to be confused with the so-called Trio bet which has the same payout and also encompasses three numbers, but one of them is inevitably the zero. A Trio bet covers either numbers 0, 1 and 2 or numbers 0, 2 and 3.
The Square or Corner bet covers a total of four numbers on the layout, which share a common corner, hence the name Corner bet. In this case, the chips for this type of bet are placed on the common corner the numbers share. An example of one such bet would be wagering on numbers 5, 6, 8 and 9. It has a payout of 8 to 1.
The Corner bet is often mistaken for a Four-Number bet by less experienced players. However, there is a difference. The Four-Number bet covers only numbers 0, 1, 2 and 3 and no other combinations are possible. When you want to make a Four-Number bet, you place your chips at the end of the line that separates the zero and the first row of numbers. Similarly to the Five-Number bet in American roulette, the Four-Number bet is exclusive to European roulette only. It pays out at a rate of 8 to 1.
The Six-Line bet (often called simply a Line Bet) resembles the Street bet, but covers two adjacent rows of numbers. An example of a Six-Line bet would be wagering on numbers 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9. The chips for this bet are placed at the end of the two rows, on the line that separates them. Should you win with a Six-Line bet, your payout will be 5 to 1.
As you can see, the number of bets to be placed in European roulette is truly staggering. If you wish to turn a profit when playing the game, it is recommended to memorise all betting options and their corresponding payouts.
How to Play European Roulette Online
There is no denying that European roulette is one of the most captivating casino games that continue to turn heads among players of all levels of expertise. Presently, European-style roulette games are hugely popular not only across land-based casinos but also across the web-based ones.
In spite of the fact that roulette is a casino game that is entirely chance-based before you get down to playing it online, you should make sure that you are fully acquainted with the course the gameplay follows.
First and foremost, casino enthusiasts should bear in mind that European-style roulette games feature a total of 37 pockets and have only one zero pockets. As with American roulette, while playing European roulette, gambling enthusiasts should attempt to predict correctly the next winning number.
Before the round starts, players will need to decide on the amount they will put on their stake. Of course, they should not only pay attention to the available chip denominations, but also to the table limits that in most cases are readily available as they load the game.
Players will not be deprived of any of the betting opportunities that are offered at the roulette tables in brick-and-mortar casinos as while betting online they can once again lay their wagers on a specific number, group of numbers, the colour of the winning number, if it will be odd or even, and so on. Placing a bet is exceptionally straightforward as gambling enthusiasts just need to click on the chip with the value they prefer and then point it to the area that is in keeping with the stake they wish to make.
When the wheel is spun, it will be a matter of a few seconds to find out which the winning number is.
Although this might not always be the case, some variants of European roulette allow players to find out what their prize will be if their wager becomes a winning one before they have even placed it.
It goes without saying that there are certain differences between betting on roulette over the Internet and in land-based casinos. Apparently, the most obvious difference lies in the pace at which the game is played. While playing online, except for the cases when you are playing live-dealer European roulette, you will be the only person betting, and in practice, there will be a digital dealer.
Therefore, gambling enthusiasts will have gone through a greater number of rounds for an hour than they would do when playing offline. Not to mention the fact that the bulk of the software developers have seen to it that the roulette games they churn out will work like a charm across touchscreen devices, thus guaranteeing that they will be only an arm’s length at all times.
Popular European Roulette Games
The European-style roulette games casino enthusiasts will come across if they decide to play online are abundant, which undoubtedly works to their advantage. Here are some of the most thrilling variants of the casino staple players might be eager to try out.
European Roulette by NetEnt
NetEnt’s European Roulette is certainly worth players’ attention because of the dynamic and exciting gameplay it delivers. This roulette variant boasts superb graphics and animations, which is one of the main reasons why its popularity has spread out like wildfire.
No effort is needed at all in order to play the game, which makes it a great option for total novices and seasoned players alike. The creators of casino content from NetEnt have undoubtedly given their best in order to guarantee that they will recreate the exceptional experience roulette games deliver.
What is specific about this European-style roulette game is that it offers rather broad-ranging betting limits as the available chip denominations are between £0.10 and £1.000, which renders it suitable for players of all budgets.
Much like the other roulette games that come from the portfolio of NetEnt, this variant of European roulette also allows you to double your stake, take it down from the table, or repeat it with a single click.
The crisp and clear table might draw the attention of players, but they might be even more intrigued by the opportunity to go for the call bets that are revealed once they click on the small circle in the lower left corner of their screen.
European Roulette Gold by Microgaming
Offering clean sounds and graphics that are exceptionally easy on the eye, Microgaming’s European Roulette is likely to arouse the curiosity of lovers of the table game. Yet, there is much more to it than the customisable layouts and its eye-pleasing visual presentation.
Gambling enthusiasts are presented with extended betting opportunities that will positively keep them busy for quite some time. Furthermore, roulette mavens are enabled to prepare and save a maximum of eight wagers, which will make them good to go whenever they wish to place any of them. Some of the other available features include autoplay and players can also increase the speed at which the game is played. Naturally, the game does not go without call bets.
European Roulette Pro by Play’n GO
Play’n GO is yet another premier game provider that offers little something for lovers of European roulette. Its European Roulette Pro can entertain roulette mavens, no matter if they have years of experience under their belts, or they are newbies.
This single-zero roulette variant impresses with the premium quality of the graphics and the animations, thus taking the game exceptionally close to the real deal. The bet announcements and the background sounds will undoubtedly make players feel as if they have just joined a roulette table in a brick-and-mortar casino. If they prefer, players can get to save their favourite bets and take advantage of information about the hot and cold numbers.
While playing European Roulette Pro, gambling enthusiasts can also turn the history of the winning numbers to their good account and opt for fast play. Additionally, once players position their chips in one of the fields, they will see a small table in the lower left corner of their screen that indicates the chosen bet type, the payouts, and the numbers this wager covers. Play’n Go’s creation undoubtedly looks and feels like the roulette games that are to be found in land-based casinos, which makes it worthy of attention.